Agriculture is one of the most important socio-economic activities in many of the countries of the European Union, and a key sector to the development and sustainability of rural areas. An estimated 80% of the territory of the European Union can be considered rural and 17% of the population live in it. In recent decades, rural villages have suffered a dramatic depopulation and also have other difficulties as territorial imbalances, lack of generational change and problems of aging and gender (lower participation of women in rural society). Unemployment in rural areas mainly affect the services and agriculture. One of the basic objectives of the European Union is to strengthen economic and social cohesion social, reducing disparities between the levels of development of the various regions.
NARA project develops aspects in the 6 priorities of common objectives in the different EU policies, Europe Horizon 2020 and PAC (Common Agricultural Policy):
- Promoting KNOWLEDGE TRANSFER AND INNOVATION in agriculture and forestry and rural sector;
- Promoting COMPETITIVENESS OF ALL TYPES OF AGRICULTURE and the viability of farms;
- Improving the organization of the FOOD SUPPLY CHAIN AND MANAGEMENT RISK in the agricultural sector;
- Resetting, PRESERVING AND ENHANCING ECOSYSTEMS dependent on agriculture and forestry;
- Promoting RESOURCE EFFICIENCY and supporting the shift towards a low carbon and able to adapt to climate change in the agricultural sector, food and forestry;
- Promoting social inclusion, poverty reduction and ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN RURAL AREAS.
NARA project proposes to develop a more specific analysis detailed of training needs in six areas of knowledge, some of them transverse and other more specific, for professionals in the agricultural sector of fruit and vegetables. The goal of each one is to cover some areas of knowledge that usually do not have farmers in this sector and that are not standardized within classical curriculum of agriculture qualifications and to obtain a major specialization in their work, thus implementing a more efficient way to perform and use their resources.
NARA project seeks to analyze training needs in agriculture and develop a transnational analysis, and comparative diagnosis of the training needs and offer, to define six learning units, comparing the existing needs in the national qualifications systems of each participating Country and developing common units capable of being transferred to formal education in different countries.
Through the NARA project will achieve the following objectives:
- Analysis and identification of training needs of farmers in subjects of complementary and transversal knowledge not covered by official teachings for the agricultural sector.
- Improve the skills and professionalism of European farmers and agricultural structures.
- Encourage the development of new business initiatives (agro-business) and employment (youth, unemployed and women) in rural areas.
- Support the development of young people and the establishment of population in rural areas.
- Improve the management of farms and their economic and environmental sustainability.
- Perform validation of the training modules in the official training courses for the agricultural sector.
- Improve the conditions of farmers in the Food Chain (to minimize imbalances and disadvantage of farmers with intermediate distributors and other agents in the food and agriculture).
- Increased profitability of farms and purchasing power of farmers.
- Expand export opportunities and new markets.